Turkey

Anadolu Twins vibrate with the transformational energy of human relationshps between parent-child, feminine-masculine, teacher-student, friend-foe, spirit-matter.
Alacahuyuk, c. 2400 BCE, Anatolian Civilizations Museum

Queen of Earth and Heaven stands with Her priestesses, lions, animals and birds. in her energy aura of becoming. Blackness is the rich, moist, chaos, compost of fertility­the source of ALL. Salve Regina! Hail to the Queen!
Catalhuyuk, 6500 BCE, James Mellaart sketches in The Goddess from Anatolia, Eskenzai
 

Goddess of Obsidian-Hasan Dag
is a fresco showing the volcanic mountain and the pueblo style community. Black volcanic obsidian was the resource treasure for the neolithic civilization, Catalhuyuk.
Catalhuyuk, 7200-6200 BCE, wall painting, Shrine E.VII/14

 

Great Mother with Her Animals sits on her throne in a niche surrounded by animals and symbols, the source of ALL.
Catalhuyuk, 6500 BCE, James Mellaart sketches

 

Great Mother Goddesses Birthing Her Animals in their shrine niches give birth to horned bull aurochs and stag deer with twin felines guarding. In the fresco art of Catalhuyuk, male energy is symbolized by bulls and deer and female energy is represented by felines and vultures.
Catalhuyuk, 6500 BCE, James Mellaart sketches
 

 
   

Her People experience life through their bodies and senses: sight, sound, smell, taste, touch and movement. Dancers holding hands honor the Great Mother of creation.
Catalhuyuk, 6500 BCE, James Mellaart sketches


 

Anatolia: Land of the mothers

Colossal Artemis/Diana of Ephesus was the most important shrine in the Mediterranean for over a thousand years. Traders carried her image throughout the world. Attached to her are symbols of fertilitiy; grain, lions, hooved animals, towered crown, bees, and many breasts or bullıs testicles.
Anatolia, Ephesus Museum


 
 

Beautiful Artemis/Diana of Ephesus was found in a wall hidden for centuries. Around her shoulders are the signs of the Zodiac.
Anatolia, c. 200 CE; Ephesus Museum


 
 

Arinna of the Hittites. She sits on a lion throne with her divine child on her lap.
Hittite, c.1500 BCE, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City


 
 

Hittite Kybele offers her nourishing breasts. She is crowned and accompanied by her musicians
Anatolia, c.1800-1700 BCE, Antalya Civilizations Museu

The Turkey banners were sponsored by the Ephesus Museum and exhibited at the Celsus Library,
Ephesus, July 1-30, 1995 and at the UN Conference on Women, China, September 1995.
 
 
 

Catalhuyuk

Great Mother Goddess Shrine contains within her body all life, humans, animals, vegetal. Her zig zag energy creates life and death through the process of constant change, expanding, contracting.
Catalhuyuk, 6500 BCE, James Mellaart sketches

 

Vulture Goddess, standing with great power in a niche, is surrounded with her symbols­double axes, spirals, eyes,­and is spreading her wings of transformation.
Catalhuyuk, 6500 BCE, James Mellaart sketches
 

 

Triple Goddess Tree of Life is connected to the cycles of the moon which grows, waxes, becomes full then wanes and goes dark before beginning the cycle again. The creative process reflects this same cycle.
Catalhuyuk, 6500 BCE, James Mellaart sketches
 

 

Dancing with the Bulls and the Holy Vaginas celebrates movement, dance, and life. The shaman's path is a dance to become whole.
Catalhuyuk, 6500 BCE, James Mellaart sketches

 

Catalhuyuk Great Mother Enthroned sat on her throne with her lions giving birth 9,000 years ago.
Catalh¨uyuk, c. 6500 BCE, Anatolian Civilization Museum, Ankara, Turkey
 

 

Great Mother Goddesses of Duality, positive and negative space, figures and background, complementary colors create a patttern of Goddesses. The process of life is one of duality.
Catalhuyuk, 6500 BCE, James Mellaart sketches
 

 

Kybele, in Her Chariot Drawn by Lions, is the Great Mother of Anatolia. The Romans carried Her to Rome and throughout the Empire. Her cymbal, drum or tambourine often accompany her image.
Bogazkoy, c. 1050-850 BCE, Anatolian Civilizations Museum

 

Black Madonna of Ephesus is the present image of the Goddess in Anatolia. According to myth, John brought Mary there after the Crucifixion. The Christian story connected with the Goddess Herstory. In 435 CE, Mary was made Theotokos, Mother of God, at Ephesus. In the 19th century, a German nun had a vision near a sacred spring that Maryıs house was standing in the hills above Ephesus .Today a dark Virgin Mary lives at the Meryana in her shrine. Pilgrims from all over the world pay Her homage and seek Her healing energies.
Turkey,19th CE; Meryana Shrine, Ephesus
 

 

Baubo, raising her skirt to display her pubic triangle, makes Demeter laugh. She is the healing energy of humor.
Roman, c. 200-300 CE, Museo Nazionale, Naples

 

Aya Sophia has been enthroned in Istanbul for over a thousand years in the cathedral built for Her in the 5th century. Aya Sophia means Holy Wisdom. Her image and architecture migrated to Russia.
Aya Sophia,960 CE, Istanbul

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These banners were exhibited at Anacultur's Woman Shaped by Earth Conference, Istanbul, Turkey, June, 22 - 28, 1998 and the Institute of Archaeomythology Conference, Madouri, Greece, July 1998.

 

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